A principle of ICA estimation that is less directly connected with
the objective function framework, is the eigenmatrix decomposition of
higher-order cumulant tensors (defined in Appendix
A). Most solutions use the fourth-order cumulant tensor,
whose properties and relation to the estimation of ICA have been
studied extensively
[20,21,22,29,27,36]. Related
methods were also introduced in [106].
The fourth-order cumulant tensor can be defined as the following linear
operator T from the space of
matrices to itself:
(21) |
The advantage of this approach is that it requires no knowledge of the probability densities of the independent components. Moreover, cumulants can be used to approximate mutual information [36,1], as shown above, though the approximation is often very crude. The main drawback of this approach seems to be that the statistical properties of estimators based on cumulants are not very good, see Section 4.4.2.